"There is nothing more defenseless than the still warm corpse of a little being."
A law of complexity
Posted on: 06.03.2018source...
Technologies are under the lash, especially those who claim to reproduce human nature in some form – human-like robots, artificial intelligence, and so on. They, of course, are well-founded in terms of the state of the technology today.
However, the problem gets a different nuance when this criticism mechanically extrapolates this problem in the indefinite future. It denies the possibility that someday the machines could acquire completely human traits and abilities.
Post-humanist literature often refers to the so-called singularity – the point where the development lines of homo sapiens and the machines of the future will cross – in an epoch od machines’ total domination when they will passed on the toprch of further deploying the possibilities of reason.
The problem is that this point is, generally speaking, vague. It is not very clear what criteria should be used to analyze the situation and whether this moment is actually near. For example, when will the epoch of the anmate machines come about? And what does it mean "an animate machine"?
This important issue requires detailed consideration.
To unravel the curtain of uncertainty a little, we would propose a new law to assess the presence of spirit in the machine. (Indeed, today there is the so-called Turing test, but it has a limited perimeter – in the field of artificial intelligence – and it is problematic: it covers cases of imitation only and cannot prove the presence of a TRUE INTELLIGENCE.)
This new law is based on the premise that the criterion of spirituality should be the term "degree of freedom". This situation is logical given that the spiritual essence is an emanation of freedom. This term is still used today in science and technology – in particular, in human-like robots. But now it is limited to a purely mechanical movement in space.
But how can this purely mechanistic approach be applied to free, spiritual systems?
It can be assumed that the same principle applies to them. Of course, accordingly complicated and supplemented. For example, if a critical sense assumes that a picture or a musical work possesses certain qualities, while another one finds that it possesses additional qualities, then it should be concluded that the second system is more spiritual and possesses a greater number of degrees of freedom, whether natural or artificial.
Viewing the above, the law could be formulated in the following (not final) wording: for an artificial system it may be said, that it is freer than its natural analogue, if it has more levels of freedom (material or spiritual).
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